Everything You Need to Know About the Flu?

H1N1 Influenza:

The H1N1 virus was first detected in April 2009 and became a pandemic flu on June 11th. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared it as such on June 11th, marking the first time since 1968 that the WHO had made such a declaration.

H7N9 Influenza:

An avian or bird flu has been circulating in China since 2013 and so far 975 people have been infected with this new flu strain and 43 of them have died according to reports from Chinese health officials. The strain is said to be under control now but it certainly makes one wonder what can happen if these viruses mutate into something more dangerous, such as the Spanish Flu of 1918 that killed an estimated 50 million people.

Influenza:

This is an acute viral infection of the respiratory tract with systemic involvement (fever, headache, malaise), typically characterized by nausea and vomiting in children. The virus affects birds and mammals where it can cause severe illness or death. There are three types of influenza viruses A, B, & C.

Type A accounts for about 10% of all reported cases but they are responsible for most pandemics that come along; Type B causes less serious disease but still results in significant mortality; Type C does not appear to cause illness in humans at all. Of these types, H5N1 is a type A flu virus that has caused outbreaks among poultry populations since 2003 resulting also in numerous human fatalities.

Influenza Pandemic:

This is defined as an epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, crossing international boundaries and usually affecting a large number of people. A pandemic may be restricted to one region of the world, or affect more than one region at different times.

It can kill millions of people although pandemics sometimes end after only a few hundred deaths. The 1918 Spanish Flu pandemic was estimated to have killed about 50 million people worldwide with approximately 20-50% of those who were infected dying from the virus.

Pandemic Preparedness & Response Plan:- According to WHO you should prepare for this by getting your annual flu shots every year which will protect against both seasonal flu and pandemic flu. It’s also best to wash your hands frequently, avoid unnecessary contact with sick people and practice good cough and sneeze etiquette.

Also follow the 3C’s: Clean – Cover – Contain; by cleaning surfaces that may be contaminated, covering your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze and contain germs by staying home if feeling ill.

Vaccination:

A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins, or one of its surface proteins.

The agent stimulates the body’s immune system to recognize the agent as foreign, destroy it, and “remember” it so that the immune system can more easily recognize and destroy any of these microorganisms that it later encounters. Vaccines can be prophylactic (example-preventing or decreasing the effects of a future infection by a natural or “wild” pathogen), or therapeutic (for example – treating an already established infection).

Symptoms of influenza:

The common symptoms of the flu virus include:

– Fever (or feeling feverish/chills) and chills.

– Coughing.

– Sore throat and runny or stuffy nose, sometimes with a rash on the face, neck, or chest.

– Headaches and body aches. People may feel very tired; indeed some people say they literally can’t move when having influenza, such as getting out of bed to go to the bathroom in the middle of the night! Young children sometimes don’t complain of these types of symptoms if mildly ill, so parents should be vigilant for any signs that their children are “not themselves”.

Children often will experience nausea and vomiting which usually resolve without treatment.

– Adults may experience diarrhea in some instances.

– Aches and pains can be severe, and the resulting discomfort can last a long time. People with influenza often feel very sick and weak for several days; they should stay home from work or school to prevent exposing others and keep up their fluid intake to help prevent dehydration (fluid loss).

Acupressure:

Symptoms of influenza include severe headache, body aches, fever, fatigue, dry cough, runny nose, and sore throat. Acupressure is the stimulation of specific points or areas of your body to help promote natural healing.

It can be practiced in conjunction with other forms of treatment or as a self-help tool for more chronic conditions such as migraines and sinusitis. This is done by applying gentle pressure with your fingers to these points using the same techniques as acupuncture works. The benefits of this type of therapy occur quickly and can last for hours.

The first step is to find the primary point:

This point lies on the lower border between the patella and the tibia, a few centimeters below the knee on the outside of the leg, behind the tendons.

– Apply enough pressure to make your fingers ache. Hold for about two minutes.

The second step is to find the second point:

This point lies on top of your head, in line with your ears and between your biceps. Applying steady pressure to this point can help relieve fever and headache. For nausea or vomiting, apply feather-like strokes over both points together for two minutes:

– Start at point A and stroke along until it meets point B and stops abruptly – you should feel a “flick”. Repeat several times so that you have an area that’s roughly 1 x 1 inch.

– Repeat the strokes on points A and B for five minutes.

Is influenza a coronavirus:

Yes, influenza is a coronavirus.

Symptoms of the flu include high fever, severe head, and body aches, fatigue, dry cough, runny nose, and sore throat. If you have these symptoms it is important to get plenty of rest and drink lots of fluids. The best way to prevent getting sick with the flu is by getting an annual flu shot from your doctor.

How has Chinese medicine been used in treating pandemics:

Chinese herbal remedies are prescribed for pneumonia-like illnesses that don’t respond to antibiotics or when antibiotics cause adverse side effects such as stomach upset, rash, or diarrhea. It’s not uncommon for people to take prescription drugs for their colds while also Chinese herbal remedies without harmful reactions.

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