Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Causes and Risk Factors?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, potentially debilitating disease that attacks the central nervous system. In MS, an unknown explanation of the immune system of the body results in lesions along nerve pathways and also on myelin sheaths of nerves which reduces communication between brain and other parts of the body.

The damage to the outer covering of nerve cells interrupts communication between your brain and other parts of your body. It impairs or prevents some functions such as vision, bladder control, arm or leg movement, cognition, and sensation. There are many causes which can cause Multiple Sclerosis(MS), it’s explained below:

The most common cause is believed to be triggered by genetic factors combined with environmental triggers. These internal factors can be influenced by hormonal changes, vitamin D deficiency, and chemical changes in the body.

Genetic factors which can cause MS are:

-Having certain genes, called human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes

-Being female and having a specific HLA gene, also makes you more likely to get MS.

-Having a close blood relative with MS increases your risk too.

Environmental factors which can cause MS:

* Excess exposure to sunlight or other ultraviolet light such as tanning beds. Low levels of vitamin D seem to increase the risk of getting multiple sclerosis.(MS). * Tobacco smoking may increase your risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS). The reasons behind this are not fully known but it is believed that smoking affects how the body reacts to immune system signals.

* Being physically inactive may increase your risk for multiple sclerosis (MS).

Chemical changes which can cause MS are:

-Being exposed to heavy metals. This is currently being researched but there was evidence that lead exposure increases the risk of getting MS.

-Some research also suggests that taking oral contraceptives may be linked to an increased risk for getting multiple sclerosis, especially in teenagers or young women.

People who have certain medical conditions like Diabetes type 1 and 2, Kidney diseases like Nephrotic syndrome, Meningitis (meningococcal infection ), Lyme disease, Chronic viral infections e.g; Hepatitis B virus and whooping cough are also at higher risk of getting Multiple sclerosis. Personal history of infection due to Epstein-Barr virus (the cause of glandular fever or infectious mononucleosis) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Lupus and herpes simplex also increase the risk for multiple sclerosis.

Having a family history of multiple sclerosis makes you more likely to get it too. Multiple Sclerosis is not contagious so its effects cannot be spread through casual contact.

The main environmental factors which can cause Multiple Sclerosis(MS) are:

– Tobacco smoking may increase your risk for developing multiple sclerosis (MS). The reasons behind this are not fully known but it is believed that smoking affects how the body reacts to immune system signals.

– Being exposed to heavy metals. This is currently being researched but there was evidence that lead exposure increases the risk of getting MS.

– Some research also suggests that taking oral contraceptives may be linked to an increased risk for getting multiple sclerosis, especially in teenagers or young women.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is not a contagious disease so its effects cannot be spread through casual contact with other people. The main factors which can cause Multiple Sclerosis(MS) are:-

– HLA genes – Having certain genes, called human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes makes you more likely to get MS. You inherit these from your parents and they remain unchanged throughout life, but having specific types of this gene seems to increase the risk even further. Researchers have found several types of this gene that make it more likely for someone to develop MS.

– Being female and having a specific HLA gene, also makes you more likely to get MS.

– Having a close blood relative with MS increases your risk too. This includes parents, brothers, sisters, or children. If someone in your family has already been diagnosed with MS then you are at increased risk of developing the condition as well.

– Genetics – People who have certain medical conditions like Diabetes type 1 and 2, Kidney diseases like Nephrotic syndrome, Meningitis (meningococcal infection ), Lyme disease, Chronic viral infections e.g; Hepatitis B virus and whooping cough are also at higher risk of getting Multiple sclerosis. Personal history of infection due to Epstein-Barr virus (the cause of glandular fever or infectious mononucleosis) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Lupus and herpes simplex also increase the risk for multiple sclerosis.

– If you happen to be Caucasian, then your chances of developing multiple sclerosis (MS) increases too.

– Physical inactivity may also increase your risk of getting MS.

There are many myths about Multiple Sclerosis (MS). While some people believe that it mainly affects Caucasians; others think that women are more likely to get MS than men! Some people believe that it is caused by stress or an accident while others say that sunlight can cause it too. These are all misconceptions because none of this has any effect on the development of multiple sclerosis(MS). Some studies have also shown that people who are exposed to more sunlight do not develop MS.

– Vigorous exercise can reduce the risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS). It is currently being studied but the results are still inconclusive.

– Smoking may increase your risk for multiple sclerosis (MS), according to certain researchers. The reasons behind this are not fully known but it is believed that smoking affects how the body reacts to immune system signals.

– Oral contraceptives may be linked to an increased risk for getting multiple sclerosis, especially in teenagers or young women. Some research suggests that taking oral contraceptives may make you more likely to get MS, although researchers don’t yet know why this happens.

Multiple sclerosis causes:

the exact cause of multiple sclerosis is unknown, but research suggests that both genetic and environmental factors play a role.  MS is thought to affect the myelin sheath (which acts as insulation for nerve cells) by destroying parts of it.

It’s believed that this damage may result from the immune system attacking the body by mistake.  However, researchers believe that MS results when a combination of these environmental and genetic factors makes someone susceptible to an attack on the central nervous system which damages myelin (and possibly other tissues). During this “attack,” lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell) enter the central nervous system and begin destroying oligodendrocytes which are responsible for creating myelin.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here